北極熊瘦到見骨翻垃圾桶 瀕餓死片段震驚網絡 專家指非年老熊

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全球暖化嚴重,地球升溫導致北極冰塊融化,有保育組織最近拍攝到一隻瘦骨嶙峋的北極熊,因缺乏食物而瀕臨餓死,整個團隊目睹此情此景都充滿眼淚和悲痛,又指該北極熊年紀不大,並非因衰老而瀕死。影片上載到instagram後,3天已有逾110萬次觀看,網民紛紛留言表示心痛,「這是最近看過最心碎的事,我們正在殺死所有事物」。

生物學家指,片中的北極熊因饑餓而肌肉萎縮,將會慢慢而痛苦地死亡。(影片截圖)

保育組織「海洋遺產」(Sea Legacy)今年夏末到加拿大巴芬島(Baffin Island)探勘,生物學家尼克倫(Paul Nicklen)拍到一隻瘦骨嶙峋的北極熊拖着虛弱的身軀緩緩而行,四處覓食,還走到當地漁夫使用的垃圾桶裏翻看有沒有食物。他形容團隊是在滿眼淚水及悲痛下拍攝整個過程。

尼克倫表示,該隻北極熊年紀不大,但很可能在拍攝影片後數小時就會死去,「這就是饑餓的模樣,肌肉萎縮,沒有活力,慢慢而痛苦地死亡」。他又指,科學家說北極熊在未來100年將會滅絕,他估計全球2.5萬隻北極熊都是因饑餓而死亡,但直言「沒有解決方案」。 

My entire @Sea_Legacy team was pushing through their tears and emotions while documenting this dying polar bear. It’s a soul-crushing scene that still haunts me, but I know we need to share both the beautiful and the heartbreaking if we are going to break down the walls of apathy. This is what starvation looks like. The muscles atrophy. No energy. It’s a slow, painful death. When scientists say polar bears will be extinct in the next 100 years, I think of the global population of 25,000 bears dying in this manner. There is no band aid solution. There was no saving this individual bear. People think that we can put platforms in the ocean or we can feed the odd starving bear. The simple truth is this—if the Earth continues to warm, we will lose bears and entire polar ecosystems. This large male bear was not old, and he certainly died within hours or days of this moment. But there are solutions. We must reduce our carbon footprint, eat the right food, stop cutting down our forests, and begin putting the Earth—our home—first. Please join us at @sea_legacy as we search for and implement solutions for the oceans and the animals that rely on them—including us humans. Thank you your support in keeping my @sea_legacy team in the field. With @CristinaMittermeier #turningthetide with @Sea_Legacy #bethechange #nature #naturelovers This video is exclusively managed by Caters News. To license or use in a commercial player please contact info@catersnews.com or call +44 121 616 1100 / +1 646 380 1615”

Paul Nicklen(@paulnicklen)分享的貼文 於 張貼

北極熊非常依靠冰塊生活。(路透社)

尼克倫警告,如果地球持續暖化,「我們會失去北極熊和整個極地生態系統」,他呼籲大眾減少碳排放,「吃正確的食物,停止砍伐森林,並開始把地球—我們的家—放在第一位」。
 
2015年國際自然保育聯盟(IUCN)曾發表研究指出,氣候變遷是全球2.6萬頭北極熊唯一的重大威脅。研究預估,到了2050年,北極熊在棲息地有所改變下,總數恐減少30%。

(衛報、instagram)

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